China's foreign policy in a nutshell



hello and welcome to world inside with VPN way the program is coming to you live on cgpm we start with China's diplomacy Chinese state councilor and foreign minister Wang Yi took questions in a media conference at the ongoing NPC annual meeting he discussed the China's diplomatic relations with other world powers and global hot-button issues here's my takeaway China is indispensable that seems to be what the Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi indicated when explaining about the complexity of the Korean Peninsula nuclear issue after the breakdown of the Kim Tron summit the same fact also applies to many other hot-button issues be it the recent conflict between India and Pakistan the future of Afghanistan or the ongoing crisis in Venezuela as the second largest economy in the world and one of the United Nations permanent v of Security Council Chinese diplomatic row has been in spotlight and at times under a microscope to be frank it is often not just pure appreciation but also some caution concerns misunderstandings and even some accusations Chinese state councilor Wang Yi as China's top diplomat knows all these challenges well at the annual media conference he talked to gracefully and explained patiently to defuse misconceptions with numbers case studies and a better look at history he describes the Belgium Rohde initiative not as a debt trap or geopolitical tool but an economic pie and relations between China and the US not a zero-sum game but inseparable relations 40 years in the making but he was also firm in saying that China does not believe in becoming a silent lamb when the legal rights of his citizens and corporations are violated he did say that China does not seek to be assertive or become a hegemonic power as some other countries did in history it is quite a delicate balance one would say a challenging tightrope for China to walk now in hindsight China's diplomacy since the founding of the People's Republic of China seventy years ago was never as it is today it's come close to the center of the global stage barring Wang Yi's words just like what China experienced at the early stage of reform and opening-up it has never been here before and China has to be both confident and heat a learning curve all the time every step of this journey but what would never be able to become smart enough on his own something China understands well state councilor Wang he said in many times during his annual press conference that China welcomes constructive advice but no one should expect goodwill and friendly intentions will always be welcomed at a time of dramatic changes in the world when parties rush to protect their own biggest interests often at others expense China is sophisticated enough to face challenges of misperceptions and even provocations but according to Wang Yi China as a country in great transformation is far from cynical or indifferent take relations between China and the US as the biggest example state councilor Wang Yi warned against the danger that the political motives of some could hijack the future of arguably the most important bilateral relations in the world he also asked all to look at the relations in retrospect 40 years of cooperation though with frictions from time to time underpinned with coordination cooperation and stability but attempts to decouple the two economies also exist yet the steak house were asked who loves to decouple from opportunities the future at the rest of the world China working with many others around the world stand for all these it takes two to tango despite the eloquence of China's top diplomat Wang Yi how should partners map out their own roads and along the way interact with China that is a choice all are making even now while I am talking particularly with the external pressures some countries already have come to feel over the past few months we can learn from ancient Greek Aeschylus who said happiness is a choice that requires effort at times but the choice to be made by all is not the kind one had to make during the Cold War era either you are my enemy or you're a friend is one every country has to make about their own future it will be a convenient choice to become indifferent to the problems of disruptions they create it or to step forward and make rational choices for the long term to make the world more inclusive and to be set free from the Cold War mentality the options are all open now it is not late to work together for the better I'm came way in Beijing tomorrow on China's foreign policy we're having our Beijing studio daiwei assistant president at the university of international relations welcome sir to our program also joining us in our Beijing studio Wang anyway the director of the Institute of International Affairs and yummy University and joining us in Washington DC long time no see chun li director and senior fellow at the John Sorensen China Center at the Brookings Institution welcome mr. Lee I want to start by asking you mr. Lee since the other two gentlemen tune in this morning to the press conference but from your perspective Washington your biggest takeaway of this annual press conference given by state councilor foreign minister Wang Yi well the major takeaway from my perspective is the dedicated balance that the minister Wang want to achieve actually that term also used in your opening remark this is number of balances first is the parents between development country and the developer country as we know that the China identify itself as a developing country and in many ways China also associated with developing changing profound a way especially the Africa and South America and Middle East and this message is very clear but the same time China also pay great attention to the developer world especially United States and you now this come to the second appearance you can see that the even of the Western world have different approach toward China and the United States certainly are more critical in all front but you still wanted to economically engage with China so you see that the delicate balance especially one you emphasized President Xi Jinping's upcoming trip to Italy so that's a very very interesting development the silver balance is the the international pressure especially from the West you use the term some accusations at the same time China's domestic concern Chinese people would sometimes also quite angry where what happened in Huawei and the kotecha so while you want to achieve that's a delicate balance to say the least the both sides in China and outside South China just some IDs IDs and finally it's a balance between cooperation and the competition certainly while you emphasize the cooperation right quite a number of balances the illustrator by mr. Lee coming from mr. Wong's a press conference and mr. Dai what do you think is that very hard balance to keep now for China yes of course I think China as a major power China need to you know have very good relations with developing country but at the same time have also wide cooperation with the developed country and particularly in recent years as China rise I think the outside world particularly in the Western country has I will say the concerns anxieties has already been increased so China need to be very careful to keep this balance to defend China's own interest but at the same time to make the outside world understand China's position where well not to be to be viewed very assertive aggressive I think these are the you know the difficulty that the state councilor need to you need to need to keep the balance right he said specifically that China does not want to be assertive but at the same time used to protect the legal rights of its citizens and also obvious corporations and entities take a look at the case study of Huawei that's a beautiful illustration of that a state councilor and foreign minister Wang Yi kids say China wouldn't stand by like a silent lamb but actively defend the rights of Chinese citizens and corporations against unfair treatment abroad take a listen Fuji trendy junk occurred each year a good machine wait that the recent action against a particular Chinese company and individual is by no means a pure judicial case but a deliberate political move to bring them down we support the company and individual in question in seeking legal redress to protect their own interests and refusing to be victimized like silent now that's another balance isn't it professor Wong I mean on the one hand Huawei it's a private company it's not part of China's government but on the other hand the Chinese government foreign ministry included and state councilor Wang Yi included ace working toward protecting the rights of any individual and any entities from China that are acting legally whether inside China or overseas as China sees it so this professor Wang that's another balance that Chinese to take I prefer to use the coordination not just balance the balance is more negatively is a political science for the West Chinese whistling so coordinate both you know German country at the major power but now cannot even in the very globalized world the Chinese companies like a far way is a not just different country or not this is a you know magic companies in the ticket I didn't go in a 5g I think always very global it's not a Chinese company so they have the own interests so of course Chinese government should protect and defense the illegal arise at center in other countries that UK they also I think is that their own interests so we should go beyond the traditional internet relation perspective to understand of the new even answer in the world how about that go be young the so-called the traditional theories of international relations as we are already in the critical juncture professor yes as a scholar and the researcher of course I want to just like professor Wang we also we want to contribute to the international theory of international relations to the to add the terminology into the vocabulary right but this is a I will say this is a very long process we need to be very patient we need to work with the foreigners the Westerners together to understand to to make the outside world understand like the distinguished professor Wang made between balance and coordination right so terminology is one thing but the world is changing and that is true so much reflected in the relations a nature of it at mr. Li between China and the United States and I want you to listen to this quote coming from the press conference given by state councilor foreign minister Wang Yi on China's trade relation with the United States this year marks 40th anniversary of China and the u.s. establishing diplomatic ties and state councilor for means for while you said this two countries benefit from cooperation and lose when they intend go to in dispute ticklish who are you very fond our children Yakutia closer to contain exaggerating our conversation out of all proportion would squeeze our space of cooperation there's a right attitude is to focus on expanding our cooperation this is both in our mutual interests and what we owe to the world of course that's beautiful theories and yet given the current quite turbulent time dr. Li between China and United States how should we understand say counselor Wang's perspective well actually it's a good point I know we are especially outside the word now talk too much about the competition and even confrontation we forget that the English fundamental way both China United States share a common interest which is to prevent it on war and the secondly for financial economic stability most country benefit now of course we have some differences differences in ideology in the political system interval for maybe economic development model or emphasis but the English fundamental areas we share sometimes if we are obsessed with the confrontation and the competition we lose a big picture so I'm glad the Wang Yi are raised at the issue and I hope that we are both sides should continue to slow communications through dialogue and realize that you know profound a way that the we are on the same page vocally is an extremely important you hope and but the reality app to remind you it's not necessarily as beautiful as you hope dr. Lee and therefore how pragmatic shall we be about the realities given the fact that the trade negotiations are still going on and sometimes that feelings still came out in the press reports in both countries toward one another and you also heard different stories and accusations without really grounded examples or numbers but you know that's how people feel about each other so trust a lack of trust that's the issue isn't it dr. Lee it's not likely to change you short-term probably even get worse before you get better no I think that we enter a very problematic area and era and also it's a very very dangerous I think of both sides talk about a new era and but those important things is we should realize that some of these small children by technology change it's a quite a unique and the technology changes go far ahead of what government policy can do at the same time that are because of a technology changing because of the economic political landscape change this is something it's quite a new for United States and how to maintain a US leadership in a changing world so it will not be easy but the same time our United States healthy German concern in the economic front and also on some technological our norms and standard and also both sides in all countries should really consider to form a kind of international norm rules to deal with the changing environment and the change in technological development so I think that the both sides and all countries should really realize this the fundamental change in the global landscape and technological revolution that's uncharted water for China too isn't it mr. Goff professor yeah I totally agree and I think you you use the word pragmatic I think one of the things struck me today is I think state councilor Wong was very pragmatic when he talked about when he discussed the you're china-us relations he not only talked about the cooperation between our two countries he also mentioned competition and he admit that there is some competition returned China under the US the only the more important thing is to control this competition and we should not exaggerate the competition but the competition to some extent is a reality we need to control it into a healthy competition I think this is a very pragmatic and the correct attitude to face the reality I think this is the only way that we can control the competition the first step is to admit there is competition the second step is to control it so I think I totally agree with you and agree with mr. Leung I think in the way in the way ahead we will have a lot of competition and hard time but so long as we can recognize it and we can face it very you know very very with kouhaku heart and commanded I think we can control the competition where well but of course it's I mean for us in the studio is easier said than done isn't it I mean we can talk about the pragmatism that needs to be instilled in all kinds of policies and actions but in reality when something is being debated sometimes it could be getting out of control and being blown out of proportion that's usually when it happens right but Professor Wang to you for example China has been advocating about the Belgium Road initiative and you've been doing research about that for quite some time I mean the Chinese state councilor Foreign Minister talked about it as saying it's not a geopolitical tool it is not that they're crap it is an economic pie it's a platform for women but no matter how many times you talk about this you use terms like this still some are having the misperceptions about what it is and of course there are things that needs to be improved as well professor I think that's because of the US and in general the West without enough staff confidence about the future about the motor about the political system even so they mention about a competition the competition is between China and the US the thing about a competition of for the world and leadership the rebellion is David for China to seek hegemony to replace the US or challenge us taking a leadership class together not the case when the transfer counselor one mention of the communities about a competition of the interests I think that's a very natural about a bearable initiative why there's so many misunderstanding first there's an old reference the only reference is Marshall Plan and that's job bollocks and because the Silk Road research er Pollock's concept performed by German which often is a scholar so the Chinese use their the Hall Road initiative isn't is not that way and our culture is her and her it's thicker more harmonious and peace cooperation is not just the divided the world they run rule so I think that's the differences and ISA is not a big truck because so many countries participant right it's if it is a trap and then right that's not very how to charities allocate for assistance all of these beautiful analysis but gentlemen betrayal you have to remind you there's already rhetoric being formed around the world are talking about China whenever you talk about China there must be a hidden agenda behind China's action behind China theory behind times words so when rhetorics like that already formed what can you do about it before it get worse how can you prevent it getting worse and dr. Lee you got some pragmatic ways yes I think you have a difficulty point so I'm glad that you raised that issue because uh the outside world especially the Western countries especially Western government have a different view from Chinese perspective and of course the some Western companies are certainly want to seize the opportunity with one bill to enroll but there's a serious concern from outside words so I'm glad that the one speech I think the next month the second bill toward our conference China will hold will emphasize improvement particularly in the areas of openness transparency and inclusiveness I think that that also should emphasize a market-driven rather than some western country criticize China the you know so-called state capitalism with my free or wrongly but I'm also glad that recently that the MPC meeting that the term made in China turned a five are start to change I think these are the welcome development I hope that the China also have better understanding of outside of words perspective but I'm glad that the Wang Yi surprise conference emphasizes these three terms let me repeat openness transparency and inclusiveness mmm and by the way professor da mister Wang Yi the top Chinese diplomat is the one that is most sophisticated one could argue about international relations together with many of his colleagues and but the rest of the country you need to bring them with you right I mean a top diplomat could only be able to talk to such an extent but everything has to be done but everybody inside this country so how can you as a critical juncture where China is facing right now China has never been here before by the way its second largest economy can never experienced that in the past decade since PRC was founded so how would they bring the rest of the country update also about many of the concept that you talked about and the blueprint that you analyze for us so that all the Chinese will be on the same lie that is an issue as well professor da I think this is the role that the media need to play I think I know you can say that now the arrow is going through the media okay you're important yeah professor that please yeah it's true because you know I think the diplomats and government official day they can only say this they can only talk in that way and well professors like us we can we can we can talk too we can teach our students we can educate the students but for the general public I think the public media extremely important and of course this is not not on the task of you I think people like us we we can use social media we can use those new media's to to spread those your ideas foodie to the public to the Chinese audience and make the whole country I mean the whole people on the same page it's very important isn't it professor Wong yes as I continued highlights coordination you know the water you just love that word go ahead Eliza you know and so called the 65 countries at the beginning we said the barrel countries 500 billion 500 million they don't have the electricity 100 million without clean water 16 of them not turned up till 24 of them they're below the average of their human you have an index 8 of them that there s less different countries how can tap to the high standard to those countries so why China to do is like a building the swimming pool Changi then to SUNY and identical swimming in the sea market principal high standard so it's not a violent at the principles of the high standard of the market economy but the pre conditions we build that to the industrial park economic zone so it's not violence it's not a so many contentions actually the vast middle E is that really our initiative of the so-called China mode there's no pure China mode trying to learn in from the West but let it where's the motor more adapt to the road back the local editions which the Builder countries would like to share their experiences and of course transparency and openness from China is also very important around how the summit ended in the hotel our Tony yes exactly as what is going on and what is going on in China's mind before we go we only have very limited time I know this is huge topics worth discussing today very important but I want to go to you dr. Lee let's come back to reality once again on the ground there's a negotiation that needs to be finished that's likely to decide on the fate of the relations between China United States without WTO reform later in the year meanwhile you got a lot of different kinds of multilateral meetings all likely to indicate some kinds of conflicts or opportunities for coordination if I could follow your word the professor one so dr. Lee what are we talking about now for the rest of the year well actually that dilemma also are reminded us that United States did send a delegation to the first road building Road initiative by metropolitan jet the senior director of Lighthouse now of course the last a couple of years a lot of changes America's in the middle of the search for a new strategy new paradigm are towards China that will take a long time because not that easy a lot of conflict concerns and the exception ultimately I think really I agree with the value that we cannot be couple it will be disaster if we're to our Internet in the to financial system I think that this is not the way we move to so for the same time the United States has a legitimate concern and also need to sometimes reflect American domestic politics etc so I think the negotiation on a trade a friend I'm actually caught optimistic I think there's an incentive for both side to reach agreement but the technology competition and the strategy are king chains will require some time but at this point we should have program like yours to have a dialogue to have a the doors and the windows are open yeah I think that's crucial thank you so much we're running out of time but our window and doors are always open for discussions like this dr. Chumley in DC da way and while you weigh carryin Beijing really appreciated gentlemen for being with us have a great weekend everyone of you thank you

Author Since: Mar 11, 2019

  1. Thanks God that westerns have build a strong financial Arabs area, exactly where Arabs needs BRI and exactly when the oil begin to be replaced with others sources of energy.
    By the way, Arabs must avoid all any wars and conflicts, because exactly this – USA will try to blow the wars in all rich Arabs areas.

  2. All Arabs in the world must support China and combat USA.
    YES, THAT IS TRUE – EAU MUST PUT ALL THE FINANCES FOR BELT AND ROAD INITIATIVE SUPPORT.

  3. When China will have ten thousand biggest thermonuclear stealth rockets arsenal, China will no longer have enemies.
    When China will have two thousands biggest thermonuclear stealth rockets, everybody on Earth will fight to serve China.

  4. Chinese foreign policy must work in sync with the effort to block foreign investment, luring China with growth, making Yuan replacing petrodollar a possibility. This is a trap by Rothschild to raid China once growth is established.

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