Exam Related Facts from Bal Gangadhar Tilak’s Life | 161st Birth Anniversary | SSC, Bank & RRB Exams
Press the bell icon to never miss a video from Testbook.com Hello friends and welcome to this video “Swaraj is my birth right and I shall have it” was a famous declaration made by Bal Gangadhar Tilak. Bal Gangadhar Tilak was one of the prime architects of modern India and the strongest advocate of Swaraj. Since we all know that today, that is 23rd July 2018 is celebrated as the birth anniversary of Bal Gangadhar Tilak let us give this day its truest meaning by learning more about this great entity. Bal Gangadhar Tilak was born on 23rd July 1856 in Ratnagiri, Maharashtra. His father, Gangadhar Shastri was a noted Sanskrit scholar and teacher. His mother’s name was Parvati Bai Gangadhar. In 1871 he got married to Tapibai who was later renamed to Satyabhamabai. He graduated in Sanskrit & Mathematics from Deccan College, Pune, in 1877. Tilak studied L.L.B. at the Government Law College Mumbai. However, Tilka was among India’s first generation of youths to receive modern education, he strongly criticized the educational system. According to him, the education was not at all adequate for Indians. He started the Deccan Educational Society with few college friends namely, Vishnu Shastry Chiplunkar and Gopal Ganesh Agarkar for instilling nationalist education among Indian students. Along with his teaching activities, he founded two newspapers ‘Kesari’ in Marathi and ‘Mahratta’ in English. The newspapers actively propagated the cause of national freedom. Gangadhar Tilak joined the Indian National Congress in 1890. He soon started presenting his strong views against INC the moderate views of the party on Swaraj. He wanted an armed revolt against the British. But his methods raised bitter controversies within the INC Fellow nationalists Bipin Chandra Pal of Bengal and Lala Lajpat Rai of Punjab then supported Tilak. The trio was popularly referred to as the Lal-Bal-Pal. During 1896, an epidemic bubonic plague broke out in Pune and adjacent regions, against which the British employed extremely rigorous measures under the directives of Commissioner W. C. Rand. Tilak protested and wrote provocative articles on it in his newspapers. His article inspired the Chapekar brothers and they carried out assassination of Commissioner Rand & Lt. Ayerst. Because of this, Tilak was imprisoned for 18 months for inciting murder. During 1908-1914, for the efforts to assassinate Chief Presidency Magistrate Douglas Kingsford. He had to undergo 6 years of rigorous imprisonment in Mandalay Jail, Burma. He continued to write during his years of imprisonment and the most prominent of which is Gita Rahasya. After returning to India Tilak in 1916 Tilak founded the All India Home Rule League with Joseph Baptista, Annie Besant and Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Tilak suffered from diabetes and had become weak, his condition worsened and on August 1, he passed away. Throughout his life he advocated the cause of women education and women empowerment. Tilak proposed Grand celebrations on ‘Ganesh Chaturthi’ & ‘Shivaji Jayanti’. So this was the story of Bal Gangadhar Tilak in detail. Let us know how you liked the video in the comment section. Please like this video and share it with your friends and if you haven’t subscribed the Testbook YouTube channel and clicked on the bell icon yet, please do so. Thankyou for watching this video.