Learn English Vocabulary: FAKE NEWS


Hello. My name is Emma, and in today’s video I am
going to teach you some key expressions you can use when somebody tells you something
that’s not true and you want to argue against what they’re saying. So, in this video I’m going to teach you these
great expressions, but before I do that, we’re going to talk about three words that
are very common in English these days. Those three words are: “Fake news”,
“conspiracy theories”, and “hoaxes”. So in this video you will learn what these
words mean, and you will also learn what to say to somebody that tells you
something that’s not true. All right, so let’s get started. So I have here three sentences. The first sentence is: “Scientists
say the earth is flat. Not round.” Is this true or not true? Okay, this sentence is not true. Some people believe this,
but it is not true. My second sentence: “Michael Jackson is
alive and living as Kim Kardashian.” True or not true? Again, we have a sentence that
is not true; I made this up. And finally, my third sentence:
“Listening to rock music causes cancer.” Is this true or untrue? Again, this is untrue;
I also made up this. So my point here is that a lot of what you
hear from people in conversation not true. People say these types of things all the time,
and you will know that this is something that’s not true, so what do you say when someone
tells you that the earth is flat, or they tell you that Michael Jackson
is living as Kim Kardashian? Okay? So, I will teach you those
great expressions you can use. Before I do that, I wanted to just say that
these three sentences can also be considered fake news. So, we will look at the meaning
of fake news in a moment. Okay, so the three main words I wanted to
teach you today are words that you will see a lot on the internet
and in the media. The first word is: “fake news”. So what is fake news? Well, “fake” means not true. “Fake news” is news stories that are not true,
and they’re created to damage a person, a business, an agency, or a government, or they
might also be created to get attention and to get clicks on the internet. So you’ll see a lot of fake news on different
social media, like Twitter, Facebook, and a lot of other
places, too, online. So, this is a very common word these days, a
lot of people are using it, so it’s important that you know what it means. We also have the word here:
“conspiracy theory”. So, “a conspiracy theory” is an explanation
of an event or situation that is different from the official account. A lot of the times conspiracy theories are about
a government or a business doing something illegal or to harm someone. Okay? So let’s think of some
conspiracy theories. Some people believe that the
moon landing, so when… When astronauts went to the moon in the 1960s,
some people believe the moon landing was fake. This is a popular
conspiracy theory. Another conspiracy theory I heard recently
is some people believe that Paul McCartney from the Beetles actually died in 1966, and
there is a different man who replaced him and who is actually
the better musician. So this is a different
conspiracy theory. So, you’ll see a lot of conspiracy theories
on the internet, and a lot of people will tell you conspiracy theories
during conversations. The last word I wanted to teach
you was the word: “hoax”, “hoax”. So, “a hoax” is a type of practical joke
that is meant to embarrass or hurt people. So some examples of hoaxes are you’ll have these
death hoaxes, where they’ll say a celebrity is dead, but it’s not
true; it’s a joke. Or you might have a hoax, like, you know,
some people might take a picture of an alien or a monster and tell everyone: “Look,
we have evidence of this monster alien.” But if it’s not true,
then it’s a hoax. It’s a joke, a practical joke. So, again, fake news, conspiracy theories,
and hoaxes are very common on the internet, and so for these things that are not true,
what do you say to people when they tell you this untrue information? Well, let’s find
out in a moment. Okay, so you’ve heard a fake news story or
a conspiracy theory or a hoax, maybe your aunt or your friend just told you it and you
know it’s not true, so what do you say to them? Well, what you can do is you
can challenge their argument. So, for example, you can say:
“So let me get this straight. You’re saying __________.” And you can repeat
what they said. “So let me get this straight. You’re saying Paul
McCartney died in 1966.” Okay? And then what you can say is, you can say:
“That’s not true.”, “That’s inaccurate.”, “I find that hard to believe.”,
“That doesn’t make sense.” So these are all expressions we use when
we’re saying: “I don’t believe you.” Now, if we wanted to say something that was
a little bit more impolite, we can use the word: “B.S.” as in: “That’s B.S.” “B.S.” stands
for “bullshit”, and sometimes we don’t want to swear, so we might just want to say to our
friends: “That’s total B.S.” or “That’s B.S.” You can also say to somebody:
“That’s ridiculous.” Meaning: “That’s a stupid story. That’s ridiculous.
It’s not true.” So these are all examples of common things
people say when someone tells them something that they don’t believe. So now let’s look at some other things we can
say when somebody tells us a fake news story. Okay, so another thing you can do when somebody
tells you fake news or something that’s not true is you can ask them where their source is,
or: Where did they get the information from? So this is the big:
“Where?” question. When we talk about sources or news sources, we’re
talking about who said it, so for example, maybe the news came from your Mom,
so maybe that’s not a great source. Maybe it came from BBC News, or maybe
it came from Wikipedia, or Facebook. Or if you’re in sciences, maybe it
came from a peer-reviewed journal. Maybe it came from Twitter, or
your aunt, or your friends. So it’s good to ask
somebody: “Where? Where did they get the information from?” and
then you can think about: “Okay, is that a good source?” and a lot of
the times it probably isn’t. And you can tell them this. Okay? So if somebody tells you, for example, that
the moon landing didn’t happen and there’s a big conspiracy, and aliens control the US
and Canada and China, what you can say to them is, you know:
“Who told you that? Where’s your news source?” and if they say:
“Oh, my friend Gary told me that”, well, then you can say: “That’s not
a good news source.” You can also ask them:
“Why?” or “How?” questions. So, for example, you
know: “Why would…?” I don’t know. Let’s start with: “How?” “How would the government cover that up?” or:
“How would…?”, “How would rock and roll music cause cancer?” Okay? So you can always ask these questions: “Why?”
and “How?” and, you know, maybe they have a good explanation, but it’s good to ask these
questions to find out more about why they think what they think. You can also counter what they’re saying,
meaning if they say something and you disagree, you can say your opinion. So, for example, if somebody told you that
Kim Kardashian is really Michael Jackson, you can say: “The fact of the matter
is Michael Jackson passed away. He is not Kim Kardashian.”, “The truth is
Michael Jackson and Kim Kardashian are not the same person.” You can also say: “In reality…”, “In reality
Michael Jackson is not Kim Kardashian. So these are great expressions you can use
when you’re trying to tell somebody that what they’re saying is incorrect and that what
you’re saying is the correct belief. Okay, so we’ve gone over all these different
things to say when somebody tells you something that’s not true, so
let’s practice it. Okay? This just in: Fake news story. Did you hear? Terrorists have melted
Antarctica using a giant laser. Okay? So, terrorists have melted
Antarctica using a gigantic laser. So that’s the news story which I
just made up; it’s fake news. So your source is Emma, and this is not
a good source for this news story. So what can you say to me if I give
you a fake news story like that? Well, maybe you’ll say:
“That’s not true.” You might say: “Where did
you hear that, Emma? Why would terrorists melt
Antarctica with a gigantic laser? How would terrorists
get the laser?” Okay? So you might ask
these questions. And then you might
tell me the truth. “The fact of the matter is Antarctica
has not been melted by terrorists. Okay? That is fake news.” So thank you for watching. I hope you’ve learned something maybe about
some of these words, like: “Fake news”, “hoax”, or “conspiracy theory”, also maybe some expressions
you can use when you hear something that is untrue. I’d like to invite you to come check
out our website at www.engvid.com. There, you can actually do a quiz to
practice what you learned in this video. I would also like to invite you
to subscribe to my channel. You can find a lot of other resources on many
different things about English, including English conversation, expressions,
vocabulary, work English, and a lot more. So thank you for watching, and
until next time, take care.

Author Since: Mar 11, 2019

  1. Hello dear Emma, I've been following your teaching for a year.
    During this time my listening really has progressed.
    But I still can not speak English and I have to practice more.
    I love to learn something new from you.
    Sincerely yours, Vahid

  2. Hi Emma, I know this was already tackled by some of your colleagues. Can I make a request? Could you please discuss us about:
    1. Subject verb agreement
    2. Causative
    3. Sentence types
    4. Dependent Clause
    5. Adjective Clause
    6. Noun Clause
    7. Collective Nouns
    8. Adverb Clause
    Pls. do grant my request. I shall be grateful to you. Thanks! ❤️

  3. This is one of the best lessons that I've ever seen! Well done. Please, do more. Now, I can understand news. I love Mr. Trump when he says "Fake news" because they are really fake. Dems always lie. Please, do videos about how to pronounce the words (ability – availability – security – responsibility – capability …etc.) I can't pronounce the American T in those words.

  4. teh , dat , TEMP,
    what is means ?? why it used in sites of news ??
    like this

    , teh country’s defense chief said,
    New Delhi TEMPhas relayed to Washington dat the threat of unilateral US sanctions

  5. trump talk and bullshit. everything he says is not a hoax or conspiracy Emma its just lies lies lies sold to profligate media

  6. This is great.
    This the first time I'm seeing your videos and you're doing a great job because while I'm learning new vocabulary I close my eyes to get a better listening comprehension, I mean everything its clear.

  7. I believe in charles's Darwin theory , in somes aliens control everthing is happen around The world , mainly The control of south america where we have The most quantatie natural resources …

  8. Hi Emma. You're the best teacher ever. It's never too late to ask for a great favor,if possible. I and my friends are wondering if you could prepare a class on expert and expertise. What's the difference? Thanks a lot.

  9. thank you ! you are the best teacher , always you tell us a good information please if possible we study short storie with explanation, vocabulary, grammar, … ( thank you)

  10. The truth is that Antartica was not melted by terrorists because it is impossible to get there. The USA have millions of soldiers there to avoid us to get to the edge of the Earth and to avoid us to show the Earth is flat. 😎

  11. moon landing must have been fake
    i can not believe it
    United States of America did't reach moon also did't come back to earth
    all of things NASA said are bullshit !!!

  12. Thanks a lot for giving lots of knowledge allotting your time for learning .and thank you for Emma .and have you good morning? Miss Everyone

  13. I burst out laughing as soon as I heard the first three fake news, it 's just so damn funny 😂🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣

  14. Hi salut salam Emma
    You are wonderful person.
    You are doing great job . I live in canada .
    It is great help for English and understanding the way of living with English…

  15. Michael Jackson is Alive and living as Kim kardashian AHAHHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHHAHHAHA That was funny!!

  16. As soon as I saw the name Kardashian – I knew that I didn't want to use this video with my students. But the other topics are a good.

  17. Thanks Emma you should use very simple word of English that reason i learn this topic very easily so thank you very much

  18. So, what is the difference between fake news and hoaxes? If someone, for example, alleged his death, would we consider the story he made up as fake news or hoaxes?

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