Present Perfect Tense | AMAZING GRAMMAR EXPLANATION
Eat Sleep Dreamers if you want to know how
this famous London landmark can help you learn English grammar, stay tuned. So welcome guys, I’m here in London on the Millennium bridge which was built in the year 2000. Now how
does this bridge help you learn English grammar? I’m going to explain that right now. Today
we’re looking at the present perfect and we’re going to look at the basics. The things you
need to know to use the present perfect correctly because it causes a lot of people problems.
So the main thing we need to know about the present perfect is that it links the past
to the present. That’s how we use it. That’s where the Millennium bridge comes in. On the
north side of the river Thames we have St Paul’s Cathedral, built in the 1600s. A long
time in the past, right? So St Paul’s Cathedral is the past. Now I’m going to walk along theMillennium bridge and see what’s on the other side. I’m now on the south side of the river Thames and right by Tate Modern. As the name suggests Tate Modern is a modern art gallery,
opened in the year 2000. So to me it represents what’s happening in London right now. St Paul’s
cathedral that’s the past, this is the present. And what links the two? The Millennium bridge.
So you can see why the Millennium bridge is the present perfect. If the present perfect
tense links the past to the present so does the Millennium bridge. The past St Paul’s
Cathedral to the present Tate Modern. I got that tip from a very wise teacher who I used
to work with called Jo Greenyer. Genius stuff. Now let’s put the present perfect into some
example sentences to show you that balance between the past and the present and how it
links he two together. So how do we form the present perfect? Let’s have a look. The structure
of the present perfect is have or has plus the past participle. That’s the third verb.
So for example eat, ate, eaten, eaten is the one we want. Or sing , sang, sung, sung is
the verb that we want so it’s the past participle. In the negative we use have or has and then
not and then the past participle. Often we contract the negative so it’s haven’t or hasn’t.
You can also use never so ‘I have never been to Italy, Or ‘She has never gone to Sweden’
for example. So the negative can be formed in two different ways. Question forms we put
the auxiliary at the beginning so it’s have then the subject and then the past participle.
So ‘Have you ever been to China?’ That’s how we form the question. The answer to the question
would be yes, I have or No, I haven’t. One of the most common uses of the present perfect
is to talk about our life experiences and to link the past with the present . So for
example ‘I’ve lived in Spain, Argentina and Hong Kong.’ I’m using the present perfect
there I have lived, ok? I have lived and those situations all happened in the past, they
are part of my life experience and possibly I might go on to live in other countries.
So they are past experiences that are still true now, it’s still true now that I have
had these experiences. The time period we are looking at here, my whole life. My entire
life. One thing that’s important to know about the present perfect is we usually don’t say
the time. We don’t mention when something happened. The experience could have happened
at any time. So in that sentence ‘I’ve lived in Spain, Argentina and Hong Kong.’ I don’t
tell you when. The idea that it’s in my life at some point but that’s important to know.
Now I’m going to do another lesson on this because I think this s really important for
you guys to know and understand. Because it covers so many useful topics of conversation.
Talking about our life experiences, finding out more information about those that’s really
natural. You do it so often in your day to day life.And of course there are lots of other
ways that we can use the present perfect and I will be doing more videos related to it
so if you would like to see another present perfect video about how we use it in different
ways then hit the like button, hit the subscribe button, hit the notification bell and tell
me in the comments below. ‘Tom I want another present perfect lesson’ and I will make one
for you. Guys I hope you enjoyed that lesson, I hope found useful linking the Millennium
bridge to the present perfect. Having that visual reminder of what the present perfect
is for. When Jo told me about that idea, I loved it straight away and I have told all
my students about it ever since just to help them to kind of visualise the concept of the
present perfect. Alright guys thank you so much for hanging out with me. Remember I’ve
got new videos every Tuesday and every Friday helping you take your English to the next
level. But until next time, this is Tom, the Chief Dreamer, saying goodbye.